Hypertension is the most common risk factor for development of stroke, congestive heart
failure chronic kidney disease, and coronary artery disease in Sub Saharan Africa. The
prevalence of hypertension will increase by 2025 in most parts of the world including
Ethiopia according to World Health Organization.
Physical inactivity has been identified as a stronger predictor of chronic diseases such as
hypertension. Exercise as a lifestyle modification is beneficial to a wide variety of health
conditions, specific to hypertension; the benefits of exercise have been promoted by a number
of organizations and agencies including World Health Organization.
According to the knowledge of the investigator there are no research works in relation to
aerobic and resistance exercise effects among hypertensive patients generally in Ethiopia,
and particularly in the area selected for the present research. Therefore the aim of this
study is to assess the effect of aerobic and resistance exercises on selected anthropometric,
biochemical and physiological variables among hypertensive patients in Hawassa University