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Sildenafil for the Treatment of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (NCT03028298)

Each year, approximately 30,000 people in the United States suffer an intra-cranial hemorrhage due to aneurysmal rupture. Of those surviving the initial event, up to 40% will go on to have further neurological injury secondary to stroke (delayed cerebral ischemia) caused by constriction of blood vessels (i.e. vasospasm). Previous studies have shown that the medication sildenafil, given intravenously, improves vasospasm, but has an associated degree of hypotension. The degree of hypotension was well within safety thresholds for these patients. Sildenafil is a medication that strongly inhibits the protein phosphodiesterase-V (PDE-V). The hypothesis for this study is that oral sildenafil will also improve vasospasm, but does not result in as much hypotension. Specifically, the investigators look to show that comparable doses of oral sildenafil produces the same degree of PDE-V inhibition as an intravenous dose while the degree of hypotension is reduced. Additionally, using measurements of cerebral blood flow regulation acquired using transcranial Doppler ultrasound, the investigators look to show that oral sildenafil produces the same degree of improvement in vasospasm and blood flow regulation.
  • Drug: Low dose sildenafil citrate
    • Drug: High dose sildenafil citrate
      Ages eligible for Study
      21 Years and older
      Genders eligible for Study
      Accepts Healthy Volunteers
      Inclusion Criteria:
      • Age >= 21
      • Onset of symptoms within 72 hours from presentation
      • Subarachnoid hemorrhage from ruptured cerebral aneurysm
      • Cerebral vasospasm diagnosed on transcranial doppler, CT angiography, or digital subtraction angiography
      Exclusion Criteria:
      • Pregnancy
      • Subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to traumatic or mycotic aneurysm
      • Pre-ictal sildenafil therapy (last dose within 1 week of presentation)
      • Contraindications to sildenafil therapy (i.e. use of nitrates, left ventricular outflow obstruction, impaired autonomic blood pressure control)

      1 locations

      United States (1)
      • University of Mississippi Medical Center
        Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216
      30 November, 2016
      18 January, 2017
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