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Anterior Versus Posterior Laparoscopic Mesh Rectopexy For Rectal Prolapse; a Randomized Controlled Trial. (NCT03026738)

Aim of this work is to compare results between Laparoscopic Anterior Mesh Rectopexy and Laparoscopic Posterior Mesh Rectopexy for patients with rectal prolapse by assessment of operative time, intraoperative blood loss , intraoperative organ injury, overall length of hospital stay, recurrence,and improvement of incontinence and constipation.
  • : Laparoscopic anterior mesh rectopexy
    fixation of the rectum anteriorly using laparosopy and polypropylene mesh
    • : Laparoscopic posterior mesh rectopexy
      fixation of the rectum posteriorly using laparosopy and polypropylene mesh
      • : polypropylene mesh
        A strip of polypropylene mesh will be introduced and sutured.
        Ages eligible for Study
        18 Years and older
        Genders eligible for Study
        Accepts Healthy Volunteers
        Inclusion Criteria:
        • all patients with rectal prolapse either external or internal prolapse
        Exclusion Criteria:
        • Age below 18 years.
        • Pregnancy or breast-feeding.
        • Recurrence of rectal prolapse.
        • patients with previous complicated abdominal surgery.
        Rectal prolapse is a disabling condition, which is more common in females and increases in frequency with age.

        There are two types of rectal prolapse; external and internal. External rectal prolapse is a circumferential protrusion of all layers of the rectum through the anal sphincter. Internal rectal prolapse, also referred to as rectal intussusception.

        The majority of patients with a RP suffer from symptoms of fecal incontinence and constipation, causing a significant negative impact on quality of life.

        The aims of the surgical treatment are to correct the anatomical abnormality and to cure the accompanying symptoms of incontinence, constipation and pain, with the lowest rate of complications as possible and an acceptable rate of recurrence.

        Since the emergence of minimally invasive surgery, laparoscopic techniques for the treatment for RP have been applied in patients of all ages.
        31 December, 2016
        18 January, 2017
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