Bivalve vaginal speculum insertion is a basic final step of vaginal examination.
Unfortunately, it can't be inserted in young girls, virgins, nulliparous women with narrow
vagina, women with vaginismus or patients with a history of previous vaginal surgery. In such
cases, the value of vaginoscopy (examination of the vagina without speculum) is evident.
Indications of vaginoscopy are expanding. In addition to confirmation of suspected vaginal
masses or polypi diagnosis, it can be used to diagnose laceration of the vaginal wall in
girls due to foreign body , traumatic injuries or sexual abuse. In a systematic review, the
effectiveness and feasibility of using hysteroscopy for exploration of the immature genital
tract (vaginoscopy) were documented.It may help in the diagnosis and treatment of gynecologic
disorders in adolescent patients with an intact hymen, limited vaginal access, or a narrow
vagina. Another recent systematic review highlighted the importance of Vagino-hysteroscopy as
an easy way to gain access to the cervical canal and an important tool with which to diagnose
and treat vaginal lesions.
In practice, we notice leakage of excessive irrigating fluid per vagina with poor
visualization during vaginoscopy. To the best of our knowledge, no study addressed a solution
to improve visualization and success of vaginoscopic surgery. This study aims to test
feasibility and doctor satisfaction of performing conventional diagnostic vaginoscopy if
compared to tight diagnostic vaginoscopy and success on performing tight vaginoscopic surgery
in patients with vaginal or cervical lesions.