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Tailored Health Self-Management Interventions for Highly Distressed Family Caregivers (NCT03023332)

How do varying levels of participation in selecting self-management interventions (ranging from no input into the selection to selection based on need or preference) affect health risks and physical and mental health over time in family caregivers of persons with bipolar disorder? Caregivers will be randomized to: 1) a control group (no intervention); 2) education (usual care); 3) self-management intervention based on need (SM-need); or 4) self-management intervention of their preference (SM-preference).
  • Behavioral: Resourcefulness Training
    A cognitive-behavioral intervention delivered through iPad technology that consists of teaching and reinforcing personal (self-help) and social (help-seeking) resourcefulness skills.
    • Behavioral: Biofeedback training
      Use of a heart-rate variability (HRV) tracking device to enable one to learn to alter physiology to improve health. Devices are used to measure physiological activity, e.g., breathing and heart function, and provide rapid, accurate "feedback" to the user, thereby enabling desired physiological changes that can endure over time without continued use of the device and continue to influence behavior.
      • Behavioral: Bipolar Education
        An educational program designed to teach family caregivers of about the types, causes, symptoms, episodes, warning signs, and treatments for individuals with bipolar disorder, as well as available resources for assisting a family member with bipolar disorder. The content to be presented within an audiovisual format using iPad technology follows the recommendations and guidelines developed through research and by the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance and the National Institute of Mental Health.
        Ages eligible for Study
        18 Years to 120 Years
        Genders eligible for Study
        Accepts Healthy Volunteers
        Accepts Healthy Volunteers
        Inclusion Criteria:
        • English-speaking
        • At least 18 years old
        • Have a family member with bipolar disorder
        • Have cared/supported them for at least the last 6 months
        • Be capable of performing the informed consent and participate in interventions
        Exclusion Criteria:
        • Does not have family member with bipolar disorder
        • Has not cared for family member for at least 6 months
        The study has two aims: The primary aim (A1) is to examine differences across the four groups (control, usual care, SM-need, and SM-preference) on caregiver health (health risks and mental and physical health) over time. We hypothesize that the caregivers who receive a self-management intervention based on need (SM-need) or preference (SM-preference) will have better health outcomes than those in the usual care or control groups.

        Secondary aims are to: A2) explore whether caregiver baseline need or preference for intervention (i.e. choice) is associated with: a) care recipient's symptoms; b) caregiver reactions; and c) caregiving involvement, and A3) build caregiver profiles from demographic/ contextual factors that are associated with their needs and preferences for the self-management interventions.

        All caregivers will complete assessment measures and measures of health risks, and physical and mental health at baseline (T1), 6 months (T2) and 12 months (T3). Caregivers will randomly assigned to one of four groups. The control group will receive no intervention. The usual care group will receive bipolar education. The SM-need group will receive a self-management intervention tailored to meet their need for bipolar education, biofeedback training, or resourcefulness training, as determined by baseline cut scores. Caregivers in the SM-preference group will choose one of the three self-management intervention according to their personal preference.

        All three self-management interventions (bipolar education, biofeedback training, resourcefulness training) are delivered over four weeks (between T1 and T2). Caregivers may use the one SM intervention whenever and as often as they wish (i.e. self-tailoring) for the remainder of the study period. The bipolar education and resourcefulness training interventions will be delivered initially using an iPad. These interventions involve providing educational information about bipolar disorder or teaching self-help (stress-management, problem-solving) and help-seeking skills, respectively. Biofeedback training consists of use of a hand-held device that shows the participant their changes in heart rate based on changes in their breathing pattern (as they relax); caregivers who need or prefer the biofeedback will be given a device to use for 28 days. All study participants receiving the intervention will also be asked to keep a journal to record their experience with the intervention.
        not yet recruiting
        31 December, 2016
        12 January, 2017
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