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Optimizing 6-mercaptopurine Therapy in Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia by Using Allopurinol Clinical Study in Children 1-19 Years on Maintenance Therapy for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. (NCT03022747)

The study will investigate, in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia during maintenance treatment, if addition of allopurinol to conventional oral 6-mercaptopurine and methotrexate therapy, affects erythrocyte concentrations of 6-thioguanine and 6 methylmercaptopurine. The effect on hematological and liver toxicity parameters in blood will also be investigated as well as clinical toxicity.
  • Drug: Allopurinol
    Allopurinol is added to standard oral 6-mercaptopurine and methotrexate
    • Drug: Standard treatment
      Oral 6-mercaptopurine and methotrexate
      Ages eligible for Study
      6 Months to 19 Years
      Genders eligible for Study
      Accepts Healthy Volunteers
      Inclusion Criteria:
      • Confirmed diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia
      • Treatment according to Nordic Society for pediatric hematology/oncology (NOPHO) ALL2008 based protocols
      • Age 0-18y at time of initial diagnosis
      • TPMT wild type
      • Written informed consent
      Exclusion Criteria:
      • Mature B cell lymphoblastic leukemia
      • t(9;22) positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia
      • Unknown TPMT status or presence of TPMT mutation (both heterozygous and homozygous)
      • Known intolerance to any of the chemotherapeutic drugs in the protocol
      • Major organ failure precluding administration of planned chemotherapy
      • Severe liver toxicity defined as persistent (≥ two weeks) elevation of either S-bilirubin > 50 μmol/l or S-GPT > 20 x Upper normal limit (UNL) or P-Prothrombin complex > 1.5.
      • Reduced kidney function defined as S-creatinine ≥ 1.5 x UNL.
      • Lactating female or female of childbearing potential not using adequate contraception.
      After one month of conventional maintenance therapy (MT) children and adolescents, treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia on Nordic protocols and with wild type thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) are eligible for the study. They will first receive a 12 week phase with normal MT during which time repeated sampling of 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) metabolite levels and other laboratory parameters will be performed. After 12 weeks, allopurinol at a dose of 50 mg/sqm is added (simultaneously reducing the dose of 6MP by 50%) and during the next 12 weeks patients are monitored closely for toxicity and samples for determination of metabolite levels and hematological and liver toxicity are obtained regularly. If, after 4 weeks of allopurinol treatment, the levels of 6-thioguanine are below 200 nmol/mmol hemoglobin, the dose of allopurinol will be increased to 100 mg/sqm. Allopurinol treatment is continued for 12 weeks after which the patients switch to their original maintenance therapy.

      3 locations

      31 December, 2016
      10 January, 2017
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