The objective of this study is to compare transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks to local
wound infiltration (LWI) in terms of postoperative pain control in pediatric patients
undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Our hypothesis is that TAP blocks will be
superior to LWI for postoperative pain control resulting in decreased use of opioid /
narcotic pain medication and decreased pain scored in the immediate 24-hour postoperative
period. The rationale is that determining the effect of analgesia in this pediatric
population is important to optimize clinical care.