Introduction: Prolonged use of antiretroviral therapy is associated with metabolic and bodily
changes such as lipodystrophy, diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia latter
being associated with a higher chance of cardiovascular events and death.
Objective: To evaluate the effect of nutritional therapy in dyslipidemic adolescents living
with HIV / AIDS in antiretroviral therapy.
Method: This is a randomized clinical trial with young people 13-19 years in outpatient
treatment in a general hospital to present dyslipidemia. The intervention group received
nutritional counseling for 12 weeks and weekly flights to nutritional counseling. The control
group received standard care consisting of medical care. Demographic, clinical, nutritional
variables, food surveys and lipid profiles were collected at baseline and at the end of the
study for both groups.