Falls and falls related injuries are considered one of the most adverse events that a patient
can experience. Several assessment instruments to assess and mitigate risks for falls have
been developed. However, these instruments have not addressed nutritional risk factors.
Weight loss and low hemoglobin levels are key components of Malnutrition. Malnutrition in the
hospital setting is a significant concern and may play a role as a fall risk factor.
The World Health Organization (WHO) maintains a global anemia database. WHO has identified
iron deficiency anemia, based on hemoglobin value alone as the most common, wide-spread
nutritional deficiency worldwide. Anemia is present in 30% of the worlds population including
The consensus statement of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics / American Society of
Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition simply defines adult under-nutrition as a continuum of
inadequate intake along with a multitude of other factors. Weight loss occurs at multiple
points along this continuum.
this multiphase retrospective descriptive analysis hypothesizes that degree of weight loss
and degree of Hgb decline may be fall risk factors.