The study aims at investigating social cognition outcomes of children born prematurely.
Social cognition can be briefly defined as a process which underlines people's social and
emotional behaviors. There are behavioral and cognitive evidences indicating that preterm
children have executive dysfunctions. Executive functions refer to multiple cognitive
processes that contribute to human higher order abilities, such as purposeful and
future-orientated behavior. The literature regarding development of term born children
indicates that executive functions are linked to the emergence of social cognition. Then, the
investigators asked if children born prematurely, as they commonly present executive
dysfunctions, would show an atypical development of social cognition. Additionally, as it has
been shown that parental anxiety is a key factor of preterm children development, the
investigators assumed that it should play a role in social cognition outcomes.