As people with HIV/AIDS live longer, the burden of non-AIDS-related health problems such as
cardiovascular diseases and cancers on these people have consistently increased. Smoking is
one of the major contributing factors to these health problems and rates of cigarette smoking
in this group are substantially higher than those of the general population: 40-70% vs.
17-10%. Especially, women living with HIV/AIDS seem to be more susceptible to the negative
consequence of smoking than their male counterparts. They are also less likely to see tobacco
dependence treatment for dual stigma associated with both conditions: HIV infection and
nicotine addiction. This is a pilot study to develop smoking cessation intervention for these