It is estimated that the incidence of congenital heart disease varies between 0.5 and 1% of
live births, 5,000 new cases per year currently in France These are serious diseases that can
be life-threatening to more or less short term.
The advances in surgical techniques in recent years has improved the prognosis of these
patients in the first months of life.
The success of surgery is, among other things, conditioned by a support per complex
operation, involving a multimodal intensive monitoring, and respiratory and hemodynamic
These elements of surveillance, NIRS (Near-infrared spectroscopy) allows measurement of
non-invasive tissue saturation (rSO2) in cerebral and renal oxygen.
The fundamental principle of NIRS based on an estimate of the percentage proportion of
A light source is emitted by NIRS and through body tissues to the brain where the light will
be absorbed and refracted depending on the tissue composition in oxy-hemoglobin.
Refracted light will be analyzed by NIRS which in turn using software will help to determine
a percentage of oxyhemoglobin.
Normal values of cerebral NIRS are between 50 and 80%.NIRS can be used according to this
principle to estimate cerebral tissue oxygenation but also for other tissues such as the
More than the figure, those are changes NIRS compared to a baseline that will alert us to the
conditions of tissue oxygenation and allow us to identify hypoxia times.
Changes in the value of the NIRS depends on 3 criteria: the tissue blood flow, the percentage
of oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin percentage.