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You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Nodding Syndrome
and you are
between 5 and 17
years old
Phase
2
This is a second phase trial assessing
efficacy and side effects of the new treatment.
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The purpose

Nodding Syndrome (NS) is a novel form of epilepsy seen predominantly among children aged 5-15 years and characterized by head nodding, progressively worsening seizures, and cognitive impairment. To date, the cause of NS remains unclear. A recent assessment by the Uganda Ministry of Health (MOH), World Health Organization (WHO), and US CDC conducted in Kitgum District in northern Uganda documented that the nodding episodes themselves resulted from atonic seizures, and that the children also exhibit multiple different seizure types, both clinically and electrographically. The investigation also found that there was significantly greater sero-positivity for onchocerciasis among children with NS compared with control children, and demonstrated low serum concentrations of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) among both cases and controls. Vitamin B6 is involved in neurotransmission and has been an effective treatment of seizures for certain rare type of epileptic syndrome. Children with nodding syndrome in Kitgum have been episodically treated with multivitamins, ivermectin, and anti-epileptic medications including phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and valproate, but the possible beneficial or harmful effects of any of these medications for nodding syndrome has not been systematically assessed, and reports from parents and guardians about apparent effectiveness are varied. The investigators propose a randomized blinded four group clinical trial with crossover design to study the effect and response to therapeutic doses of oral pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and treatment with currently used conventional anti-epileptics including phenytoin and sodium valproate, among children with nodding syndrome.

Provided treatments

  • Drug: Pyridoxine
  • Drug: Sodium Valproate
  • Drug: Phenytoin
  • Drug: Placebo
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01730313. The sponsor of the trial is Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and it is looking for 80 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title:
Treatment of Nodding Syndrome - A Randomized Blinded Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial of Oral Pyridoxine and Conventional Anti-Epileptic Therapy, in Northern Uganda — 2012