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clinical trial
if you have
Shock, Septic
and you are
over 18
years old
Phase
-
This is an observational trial.
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The purpose

Introduction: Evidence suggests that sepsis and septic shock severely impair mitochondria and that the resulting mitochondrial dysfunction is related to the severity and outcome of the resulting organ dysfunction. In sepsis mitochondrial abnormalities - biochemical and ultrastructural - have been recognized in multiple organs, including liver, kidney, skeletal and heart muscle tissue and blood cells. Circulating immune cells play an important role in the pathophysiology of sepsis. Stimulation of the immune system alters the energy requirements of immune cells; down-regulation of immune-cell activity has been associated with prolonged sepsis and unfavourable outcome. The aim of the project is to comprehensively investigate changes in mitochondrial function of immune cells in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. The following main hypotheses will be evaluated: - Severe sepsis and septic shock leads to increased energy requirements of immune cells and to an increase in mitochondrial enzyme activities and energy production. - Changes of mitochondrial function in human immune cells are associated with alterations in clinical and laboratory markers of severity of sepsis. - Prolonged sepsis and unfavourable outcome is associated with down regulation of mitochondrial function. Methods: A total of 30 adult patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) due to severe sepsis or septic shock will be included in the study; 30 healthy volunteers serve as controls. Patients with any type of chronic infectious, inflammatory or autoimmune diseases, after transplantations or receiving immunosuppressive agents are excluded. Collected baseline characteristics include patient demographics, diagnosis and severity of illness scores at the time of admission. Daily collected follow up data include clinical and laboratory parameters of organ dysfunction, use of vasopressors/inotropes, use of antibiotics, use of steroids and results of microbiological cultures/stains. Negative identification and isolation of monocytes, B cells and CD4 T cells will be performed daily from ICU admission to discharge using an antibody-antigen mediated immunomagnetic cell isolation procedure that depletes all blood cells except the specific target cells. Mitochondrial function of immune cells will be assessed by measurement of mitochondrial complex activity for complexes I to IV by a standard titration protocol. Additionally, the levels of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines (Interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α) will be assessed throughout the stay in the ICU. For comparison mitochondrial function of of monocytes, B cells and CD4 T cells and cytokine levels will be measured in a group of 10 healthy volunteers. Analysis plan: Changes in mitochondrial function of immune cells over time compared to a healthy control group and during the course of severe sepsis and septic shock is the main outcome parameter of this study. Assessed predictors are determined by the severity of the underlying septic condition and include clinical and laboratory evidence for dysfunction of vital organ systems and changes in levels of inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines.

Provided treatments

  • Other: blood sampling
  • Other: blood sampling
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01600989. The sponsor of the trial is University Hospital Inselspital, Berne and it is looking for 60 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title:
Mitochondrial Function of Immune Cells in Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock - a Prospective Observational Cohort Study