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You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Thyroid-associated Ophthalmopathy
and you are
between 19 and 75
years old
Phase
4
The primary goal of this phase is to monitor the long-term effects.
The treatment is already on the market.
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The purpose

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an autoimmune process that can affect the orbital and periorbital tissues and the thyroid gland. Periorbital inflammation can cause swelling, fatty infiltration, and scarring of the eyelid muscles resulting in eyelid retraction and upper scleral exposure, which is the most common clinical features of TAO.Even with mild eyelid retraction and swelling, most patients become disappointed and depressed due to their cosmetically unacceptable appearance, and they are unwilling to wait for spontaneous resolution or a clinically inactive period for surgical intervention. Thus, most ophthalmologists and endocrinologists recommend surgery in the chronic burnt-out stage. Several treatment options have been described for correction of eyelid retraction, including Botox and filler injection, and surgeries in the burnt-out stage such as lowering the upper lid by recessing the levator muscle, excision of Müller's muscle, introducing a spacer, or myotomies.Surgical options have significant risks as well as an unpredictable course and outcome in some cases. Several authors have reported that subconjunctival botulinum toxin injection provides an immediate, effective treatment by reducing excessive levator function in patients who suffer from disfiguring eyelid appearance and do not want to wait for surgery for upper eyelid retraction.Botox treatment is usually temporary. However, unwanted ptosis, although temporary, was observed in five out of 24 patients (20.8%) in the study by Costa, which may be even more disappointing and cosmetically unacceptable to some patients.Recently, hyaluronic acid gel fillers, which were injected into the subconjunctival levator-Muller plane, demonstrated efficacy in managing Graves' eyelid retraction in three patients.However, complications such as a lumps, fluid buildup, and skin pigment darkening may occur using this technique.Steroid treatment represents a well-established TAO management strategy due to its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive actions. However, multiple systemic side effects such as diabetes, infection, hypertension, osteoporosis, and stomach ulcers are major drawbacks of systemic steroid treatment. Due to limitations of systemic steroid treatment, several studies reported TAO improvement with periorbital injections of methylprednisolone and triamcinolone, primarily focusing on reducing proptosis and diplopia. So far, however, only a single small case series study has suggested that an injection of 20 mg triamcinolone into the subconjunctival region of the lid, between the conjunctiva and Muller's muscle, improves upper eyelid retraction within 1 month in three of the four patients. The investigators are not aware of any study designed to demonstrate the treatment efficacy of locally administered triamcinolone to improve eyelid retraction and swelling in a prospective manner. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate both the short-term and long-term effects of subconjunctival triamcinolone injections in treating eyelid retraction and inflammatory swelling caused by TAO.

Provided treatments

  • Drug: subconjunctival triamcinolone injection
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01599273. The sponsor of the trial is Yonsei University and it is looking for 50 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title: