Childhood obesity is a major public health issue, and the identification of children who are
at increased risk of health problems due to their obesity is a priority for modern health
care. Abdominal fat is considered to be the most harmful in the body, and the development of
reliable landmarks and procedures for the assessment of intra-abdominal visceral adipose
tissue and total body fat in children will have a major impact on 1) the early identification
of children at elevated health risk, 2) the proper prioritization of health care resources,
and 3) the standardization of obesity surveillance procedures within and between countries.