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More info
You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Lactose Intolerance
and you are
between 18 and 80
years old
-
The phase for this study is not defined.
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The purpose

Lactose intolerance (LI), also known as lactose malabsorption is the most common type of carbohydrate malabsorption. It is associated with the inability to digest lactose into its constituents, glucose and galactose, due to low levels of lactase enzyme activity (1-2). At birth, lactase activity is at the highest and it declines after weaning (1-2). The unabsorbed lactose is metabolized by colonic bacteria to produce gas (hydrogen (H2) and methane (CH4)) and short chain fatty acids. Symptoms related to LI appear 30 minutes to 2 hours after consumption of food products containing lactose. Related symptoms include: bloating, cramping, flatulence and loose stool (1-2, 17-18). Highest rates of LI are found in the Asian populations, Native Americans and African Americans (60-100%), while lowest rates are found in people of northern European origin (including northern Americans) (3-4). The diagnosis of LI based on patients' symptoms is sometimes problematic, since these symptoms are not specific and may differ from one patient to another. Breath hydrogen test have been advocated as the best diagnostic tool for the assessment of LI (15-16). During the test, subjects are sampled for hydrogen levels of breath samples at base line and every 30 minutes after the administration of 50 grams of oral lactose, for a total period of 180 minutes. A breath sample with > 20 ppm above baseline is considered positive for LI (15-16). There are no established treatments for LI, other than almost complete avoidance of lactose rich dairy products. Avoidance of dairy products is a major concern since its outcome may result in a dietary calcium intake that is well below recommended dose of 1,000 mg per day for men and women and 1,300 mg for adolescents (8-10). For this reason different course of action needs to be considered instead of a complete exclusion of dairy products by LI patients. Two possible interventions in the case of LI are the supplement of commercially available lactase (tablets) or the addition of probiotics. The consumption of lactase enzyme as a food supplement may assist in restoring adequate levels of the enzyme needed for hydrolysis of lactose, especially for patients with low, or non existent levels of lactase. On the other hand, lactase products are problematic since not all lactase preparations are of the same concentration. Moreover, it is difficult to asses the amount of lactase tablets needed in order do fully hydrolyze lactose in each dairy mill (14). Probiotics are live microorganisms that are commonly used in order to prevent or treat a disease. The current definition by the Food and Drug Administration and the World Health Organization is "Live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host." These microorganisms are a heterogeneous group, they are nonpathogenic and produce beta- galactosidase or lactase intracellularly that may assist in the digestion of lactose (11). Studies have shown that people with lactose intolerance tolerated the lactose in yogurt better than the same amount of lactose in milk. The assumption was that the presence of lactase producing bacteria in the yogurt, especially Lactobacillus acidophilus, contributed to the digestion and absorption of lactose (5-6, 13). It was also found that the presence of Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus alleviate lactose intolerance through their ability to produce lactase enzyme (7). Finally, in another study it was found that consumption of milk containing Bifidobacterium longum resulted in significantly less hydrogen production and flatulence as compared to the consumption of control pasteurized milk (12). Based on the mentioned data, the investigators speculate that the administration of probiotics may assist with the consumption of dairy products containing lactose. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of probiotics on patients with LI.

Provided treatments

  • : Bio-25

Locations near you

Unfortunately, there are no recruiting locations near you. Please check the list with all locations below.
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01593800. The sponsor of the trial is Rabin Medical Center and it is looking for 60 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title:
The Effect of Probiotics on Lactose Intolerance