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More info
You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Depression, Postpartum
and you are
over 18
years old
This is an observational trial.
You are contributing to medical knowledge about your condition.
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The purpose

The studies described in this protocol are all performed within the framework of PROTECT (Pharmacoepidemiological Research on Outcomes of Therapeutics by a European ConsorTium) Workpackage 2 and Workgroup 1. Primary aim of these studies is to develop, test and disseminate methodological standards for the design, conduct and analysis of Pharmacoepidemiological (PE) studies applicable to different safety issues and using different data sources. To achieve this, results from PE studies on five key adverse events (AEs) performed in different databases will be evaluated. Therefore, emphasis will be on the methodological aspects of the studies in this protocol and not on the clinical consequences of the association under investigation. Fracture of the proximal end of the femur or hip is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Hip/femur fractures impair quality of life and impose a considerable economic burden, and occur with 20% mortality rate within the first year. Antidepressants (AD), mainly tricyclic AD (TCAs) and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been associated with fractures in several studies. A review of 13 observational studies showed risk ratios ranging from 1.2 to 3.7 for current TCA users and a wide range of 1.5 to 8.6 for SSRI users. The majority of the studies in the aforementioned review reported increased risks of fractures in general with SSRIs use and more mixed risk outcomes for TCA use. Several mechanisms underlying this adverse effect have been postulated in the literature: e.g. through decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) or through blocking the serotonin transporter activity (5-hydroxytryptamine re-uptake) and hence affecting bone metabolism and structure or simply by falling or through co-morbidities such as depression itself. Previous observational studies differ in design, conduct and analysis of the considered association with varying degree of accounting for confounders. Confounding factors such as depression and other co-morbidities, previous fractures, concomitant drug use and lifestyle factors such as smoking have usually not been accounted for in most of the studies. In addition, small sample size, different methods used to ascertain exposure, selection bias and lack of data on compliance as well as important covariates limit the use of these results in benefit-risk analyses. Furthermore, studies evaluating different types of SSRI and TCA are few and dose-response relationship for most of the AD remains to be studied. We will study effects of cumulative exposure focusing on acute (less than 6 months) and long term exposure (at least 5 years) and doses of exposure. The objective of the study is to assess the association between AD use and hip/femur fracture using different study designs (descriptive, cohort, nested case-control and case crossover) across different databases and to compare the results between and across databases and designs. This is to evaluate the impact of design/database /population difference in the outcome of the studies association. Data will be collected from the following databases: The Health Improvement Network [(THIN]), a UK-based primary care electronic medical record database, the Dutch Mondriaan project (a primarily general physician based database with some linkage to survey data from the Netherlands), Base de Datos para la Investigación Farmacoepidemiológica en Atencion Primaria [(BIFAP] (Spanish primary care database)), and the Bavarian statutory health insurance physicians' association database (German health insurance database from primary and secondary care).

Provided treatments

  • Drug: Tricyclic AD (TCAs) and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) antidepressants

Locations near you

Unfortunately, there are no recruiting locations near you. Please check the list with all locations below.
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01587729. The sponsor of the trial is GlaxoSmithKline and it is looking for 1 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title:
IMI PROTECT (Work Package 2): Use of Antidepressants and Risk of Hip and/or Hip/Femur Fracture