Lifestyle modification, in particular adopting an appropriate dietary pattern, is generally
accepted as the cornerstone for the treatment of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
Consumption of low glycaemic index (GI) meals have been shown to improve glycaemic control,
lipid profile and reduced systemic inflammation. However, these studies and international
evidence-based nutritional recommendations are principally based on people of European
ethnicity consuming fairly typical "western" diets. There are few published controlled
dietary intervention studies which have attempted to determine appropriate dietary patterns
for the treatment of diabetes amongst populations consuming rice-based diets.
1. The glycaemic response over 6 days as measured by CGMS will have a lower mean glucose
level and postprandial increase in individuals consuming the LGI compared with the SDI
2. A LGI meal plan is acceptable and participants will adhere and comply to the diet to the
same level as those receiving the SDI meal plan.
3. Glycaemic and metabolic parameters as measured by integrated area under the curve (IAUC)
of glucose and insulin are lower after a single meal comprising of LGI than compared
with an SDI meal.
4. The effect of a single meal of LGI reduces appetite and increases satiety compared with
a meal of SDI.