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The purpose

In July 2008, the lapatinib (Tykerb) Prescribing Information (label) was updated to include a boxed warning related to hepatotoxcity and detailed instructions for monitoring liver function before and during lapatanib exposure. For patient safety, it is of interest to know the extent to which providers are adherent with these guidelines for hepatic monitoring of lapatanib users. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine if physicians conduct liver function testing prior to prescribing lapatanib and at regular intervals during exposure, and if they withdraw lapatanib, and do not re-treat, for patients who demonstrate severe liver enzyme elevations while exposed. These aims will be tested in the "Pre-label" (prior to the boxed warning) and "Post-label" (after the boxed warning) periods to determine if physician adherence to the guidelines changed as a result of the warning. Specifically, the boxed warning provided the following guidance: "Hepatotoxicity (alanine transaminase or aspartate transaminase >3 times the upper limit of normal and total bilirubin >1.5 times the upper limit of normal) has been observed in clinical trials (<1% of patients) and postmarketing experience. The hepatotoxicity may be severe and deaths have been reported. Causality of the deaths is uncertain. The hepatotoxicity may occur days to several months after initiation of treatment. Liver function tests (transaminases, bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase) should be monitored before initiation of treatment, every 4 to 6 weeks during treatment, and as clinically indicated. If changes in liver function are severe, therapy with lapatanib should be discontinued and patients should not be re-treated with lapatanib" The following objectives will be assessed and compared among patients prescribed lapatanib before and after the addition of detailed guidance on liver function testing to the product label on July 9, 2008: 1. Objective 1: Determine if physicians perform liver funtion tests (LFTs) prior to prescribing lapatanib (baseline) 2. Objective 2: Describe the prevalence of LFT elevations at baseline 3. Objective 3: Determine if physicians routinely perform LFTs during the duration of lapatanib exposure 4. Objective 4: Describe the cumulative incidence and incidence rate of LFT elevations during lapatanib exposure 5. Objective 5: Describe patients that experience severe LFT elevations during lapatanib exposure and calculate the proportion that have lapatanib discontinued and are not re-treated To achieve these objectives, an observational retrospective cohort study will be conducted using the United States Oncology Electronic Medical Records database. The study population will consist of females with a diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer and a documented order for Lapatanib from January 1, 2007 - December 31, 2009. Patients will be categorized by whether they initiated Lapatanib before or after the July 9, 2008 label change. 'Pre Label': Initiated lapatanib between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2007. Follow-up time for this group will continue until June 30, 2008 to allow these patients to have at least six months of follow-up time prior to the label change. 'Post Label': Initiated lapatanib between July 9, 2008 and December 31, 2009. Follow-up time for this group will continue until June 30, 2010 to allow these patients to have at least six month of follow-up. The exposure in this study is lapatanib oral medication. The date of initiation of lapatanib will be the index date. Lapatanib exposure period(s) will be defined from the index date through to the end of the study period (June 30, 2008 for pre-label group or June 30, 2010 for post-label group). The project will use proportions and two estimates of incidence (cumulative incidence and incidence rates using person-time) to describe the outcomes of interest among the users of Lapatanib before and after the label change. The following LFTs will be considered: - alanine transaminase (ALT) - aspartate transaminase (AST) - alkaline phosphatise (ALP)

Provided treatments

  • Drug: Lapatanib

Locations near you

Unfortunately, there are no recruiting locations near you. Please check the list with all locations below.
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01462552. The sponsor of the trial is GlaxoSmithKline and it is looking for 1 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title:
Assessment of Physician Compliance to Recommended Liver Function Test Monitoring for Tykerb Patients