Stroke is one of the common diseases in the elderly. It is the third ranking cause of death
and affects health care system in our country. The focal brain lesions encountered in
patients with stroke can result in impairments in motor function, language, cognition,
sensory processing, cognition and emotional disturbances. All of these conditions affect
performance of functional activities. The abrupt change in the life situation of the stroke
survivor impacts all phases of care. This may reduce a patient's quality of life.
Many innovative therapy techniques have been developed to help the restoration of lost
functions and to aid in prevention and treatment of depression. Music and art therapy has
been used in rehabilitation settings to stimulate brain functions involved in movement,
cognition, speech, emotions, and sensory perceptions. However many research studies on the
use of music and art therapy in rehabilitation of acquired brain injury have suffered from
small sample size, making it difficult to achieve statistically significant results. In
addition, differences in factors such as study designs, methods of interventions, and
intensity of treatment have led to varying results.