Physical activity and in particular sport is beneficial to health. Nevertheless, some of
these activities may create a risk of injury. Ankle sprain is the most common sport related
injury. Sports that are causing the highest number of ankle sprains are: football (30%),
handball-basketball-volleyball-rugby (24%), gymnastics sports (6%), skiing (6%), cycling
(6%), athletics (4%) and contact sports (4%). A recent study in the Netherlands identified a
total of 1.3 million sports injuries. 47% of these patients required medical care. The total
costs (direct and indirect) were assessed 84.240.000 EUR per year.
Prospective studies demonstrated that athletes with a ankle sprain have a twofold risk of
re-injury during the first year after the trauma, and in half of patients with an ankle
sprain recurrence this could lead to instability or chronic pain of the ankle.
The Wii Balance Board ® is a tool that is increasingly used in the field of health. In some
hospitals, therapists are beginning to use it for the rehabilitation of patients after
surgery, fractures or strokes.
Patients are asked to complete their physical therapy session by practicing "sports" via
video games such as skiing, bowling or hula hoop. Currently, there are no randomized
controlled studies that publish on the effectiveness of this tool. Recently, a study
investigated the efficacy of the Wii Balance Board ® to improve balance, strength, joint
mobility and level of physical activity. After 10 weeks of training, people an increased
strength and balance was found. However, these results still require statistical
confirmation. Thus this objectives of this study are
- To assess the efficacy of exercise training with the Wii Balance Board ® Platform
- To evaluate the effectiveness of physical therapy (based on current guidelines)
- To compare these two types of care (conventional physiotherapy versus Wii) to a control