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More info
You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Iron Deficiency or Anemia
and you are
between 12 and 36
years old
The phase for this study is not defined.
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The purpose

Iron deficiency (ID) is still a main public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. Iron deficient children have an increased risk for anemia which is associated with adverse infant development that might be partly irreversible. In sub-Saharan Africa, the etiology of ID in children is multifactoral; but the major causes are low iron dietary bioavailability and intake from monotonous cereal-based complementary foods. Children < 5 years old can benefit from iron-fortified complementary foods; however, these fortified complementary foods are often not adapted to the requirements of children in specific setting. The investigators developed a complementary food fortificant (CFF) which is added to local porridge and is deemed to meet the nutrient intake requirement for iron in children 1-3 years of age. The CFF is lipid-based and can therefore, if regularly used, increase the daily energy intake of children which is often too low in developing countries with cereal-based diets. The iron absorption from the mixture of CFF and porridge has to be optimized because it contains quite a high amount of phytate, a well-known inhibitor of iron absorption. To optimize iron absorption the investigators are planning three iron absorption studies using different compounds of iron (FeSO4 + NaFeEDTA), additional vitamin C and phytase, which is able to degrade phytate. In the first study, iron absorption will be determined from a mixture of CFF and porridge fortified with 1) 6 mg FeSO4 and 2) 6 mg FeSO4 plus additional vitamin C. In the second study, the test meals will be fortified with 1) 6 mg FeSO4 and 2) a mixture of 3 mg FeSO4 + 3 mg NaFeEDTA. In the third study, test meals will be fortified with 1) 6 mg FeSO4, 2) 6 mg FeSO4 plus phytase, and 3) 6 mg FeSO4 plus additional vitamin C and phytase. Iron absorption will be determined by incorporation of labeled iron into erythrocytes, 14 days after the administration of a test meal containing labeled iron (stable isotope technique). Sixty apparently healthy Beninese children 12-36 months of age with a body weight > 8.3 kg will be included in the study. Additionally, the investigators will test acceptability of CFFs based on different composition formulas by interviewing the parents/legal guardians of the children after feeding the CFF for a defined period. The results of these studies will provide important insights to optimize the iron absorption of young children from a CFF mixed with local traditional porridge in developing countries. Furthermore the studies will provide information on the acceptability of CFFs in such a setting.

Provided treatments

  • Other: NaFeEDTA
  • Other: Phytase
  • Other: Vitamin C

Locations near you

Unfortunately, there are no recruiting locations near you. Please check the list with all locations below.
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01321099. The sponsor of the trial is Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and it is looking for 60 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title: