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More info
You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Iron Deficiency or Anemia
and you are
between 12 and 36
years old
-
The phase for this study is not defined.
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The purpose

Iron deficiency (ID) is still a main public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. Iron deficient children have an increased risk for anemia which is associated with adverse infant development that might be partly irreversible. In sub-Saharan Africa, the etiology of ID in children is multifactoral; but the major causes are low iron dietary bioavailability and intake from monotonous cereal-based complementary foods. Children < 5 years old can benefit from iron-fortified complementary foods; however, these fortified complementary foods are often not adapted to the requirements of children in specific setting. The investigators developed a complementary food fortificant (CFF) which is added to local porridge and is deemed to meet the nutrient intake requirement for iron in children 1-3 years of age. The CFF is lipid-based and can therefore, if regularly used, increase the daily energy intake of children which is often too low in developing countries with cereal-based diets. The iron absorption from the mixture of CFF and porridge has to be optimized because it contains quite a high amount of phytate, a well-known inhibitor of iron absorption. To optimize iron absorption the investigators are planning three iron absorption studies using different compounds of iron (FeSO4 + NaFeEDTA), additional vitamin C and phytase, which is able to degrade phytate. In the first study, iron absorption will be determined from a mixture of CFF and porridge fortified with 1) 6 mg FeSO4 and 2) 6 mg FeSO4 plus additional vitamin C. In the second study, the test meals will be fortified with 1) 6 mg FeSO4 and 2) a mixture of 3 mg FeSO4 + 3 mg NaFeEDTA. In the third study, test meals will be fortified with 1) 6 mg FeSO4, 2) 6 mg FeSO4 plus phytase, and 3) 6 mg FeSO4 plus additional vitamin C and phytase. Iron absorption will be determined by incorporation of labeled iron into erythrocytes, 14 days after the administration of a test meal containing labeled iron (stable isotope technique). Sixty apparently healthy Beninese children 12-36 months of age with a body weight > 8.3 kg will be included in the study. Additionally, the investigators will test acceptability of CFFs based on different composition formulas by interviewing the parents/legal guardians of the children after feeding the CFF for a defined period. The results of these studies will provide important insights to optimize the iron absorption of young children from a CFF mixed with local traditional porridge in developing countries. Furthermore the studies will provide information on the acceptability of CFFs in such a setting.

Provided treatments

  • Other: NaFeEDTA
  • Other: Phytase
  • Other: Vitamin C

Locations near you

Unfortunately, there are no recruiting locations near you. Please check the list with all locations below.
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01321099. The sponsor of the trial is Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and it is looking for 60 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title: