The purpose of this Stage II randomized controlled behavioral treatment development trial was
to test the effectiveness of the Women's Recovery Group (WRG) relative to mixed-gender Group
Drug Counseling (GDC) and demonstrate the feasibility of implementing the WRG in an
open-enrollment (i.e., rolling admission) group format at two clinical sites. The Stage II
trial aims were to (1) investigate effectiveness of the WRG relative to GDC in a sample of
women heterogeneous with respect to substance use and co-occurring psychiatric disorders, and
(2) demonstrate the feasibility of implementing WRG in an open enrollment group format
characteristic of community treatment programs at two sites.