Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in the industrialized world (12% of all
cancers). In Sweden, 6000 new cases of colorectal cancer are reported each year, and almost
half of these cases result in death. Several recently published retrospective studies show
that regional anaesthesia (RA) can reduce cancer-related mortality following surgical
treatment of colorectal, breast and prostate cancers and malignant melanoma. If these results
are true, then the choice of perioperative pain management is as beneficial, or even better,
than the current oncological therapies. This theory needs to be investigated in a
prospective, randomized and controlled trail.