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Phase III Randomized Study of Radiotherapy With or Without Cisplatin and Fluorouracil for Locally Advanced, Nonresectable Squamous Cell Cancer of the Oropharynx or Hypopharynx (NCT00003627)

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells and allow doctors to preserve the part of the body where the cancer started. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy with combination chemotherapy is more effective than radiation therapy alone in treating cancer of the oropharynx or hypopharynx that cannot be surgically removed. PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus cisplatin and fluorouracil with radiation therapy alone in treating patients who have advanced cancer of the oropharynx or hypopharynx that cannot be surgically removed.
  • Drug: cisplatin
    • Drug: fluorouracil
      • Radiation: radiation therapy
        Ages eligible for Study
        18 Years to 70 Years
        Genders eligible for Study
        Accepts Healthy Volunteers

        - Compare the overall survival and survival without relapse for 1, 3, and 5 years of patients with squamous cell cancer of the oropharynx or hypopharynx after treatment with twice a day radiotherapy with or without cisplatin and fluorouracil.

        - Compare the presence of distant metastases at 1, 3, and 5 years in these patients after these treatments.

        - Compare the local control and duration of control in these patients after these treatments.

        - Compare the clinical changes and histological changes at 6 months in these patients after these treatments.

        - Determine the rate of complete response in these patients after these treatments.

        - Determine the early and late toxic effects of these regimens in these patients.

        - Determine the quality of life of these patients.

        - Determine the pharmacokinetics of fluorouracil and tolerability of this regimen in these patients.

        OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to center and primary site of disease (oropharynx vs hypopharynx)

        Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

        - Arm I: Patients undergo radiotherapy twice a day, 6 hours apart, 5 days a week, for 7 weeks.

        - Arm II: Patients undergo radiotherapy as in arm I, plus concurrent chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin IV on day 1 and fluorouracil by continuous infusion over 24 hours on days 1-5. Courses are repeated every 3 weeks for 3 courses.

        Patients are followed every month for 1 year, every 2-3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for at least 2 years.

        PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 160 patients (80/arm) will be accrued for this study within 4.5 years.

        11 locations

        France (11)
        • Centre Oscar Lambret
          Not specified
          Lille, France, 59020
        • Institut J. Paoli and I. Calmettes
          Not specified
          Marseille, France, 13273
        • CHU de la Timone
          Not specified
          Marseille, France, 13385
        • Centre Regional de Lutte Contre le Cancer - Centre Val d'Aurelle
          Not specified
          Montpellier, France, 34298
        • CRLCC Nantes - Atlantique
          Not specified
          Nantes-Saint Herblain, France, 44805
        • Centre Antoine Lacassagne
          Not specified
          Nice, France, 06189
        • Institut Jean Godinot
          Not specified
          Reims, France, 51056
        • Centre Henri Becquerel
          Not specified
          Rouen, France, 76038
        • Centre Rene Huguenin
          Not specified
          Saint Cloud, France, 92211
        • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bretonneau de Tours
          Not specified
          Tours, France, 37044
        • Centre Alexis Vautrin
          Not specified
          Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France, 54511
        30 September, 1998
        05 February, 2009
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