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Biologics Anchoring Study (NCT03026153)

Biologics are used to treat conditions such as moderate-to-severe psoriasis, a chronic condition that impairs quality of life as much or more than other major medical conditions. Biopharmaceuticals are medications which are are isolated from biological sources including microorganisms, animals or humans. These medications generally function to decrease inflammation or disrupt the inflammatory cycle. Patients are often apprehensive about choosing a biologic medication over other options due to anxiety regarding the need for regular injections, leaving the patient undertreated and continuing to suffer with psoriasis. Reducing fears of injections may improve adherence to treatment and may improve treatment outcomes. Fear of injection is inherently subjective and may be easily modified. Anchoring is the tendency for humans to rely on a specific value when making decisions and to make judgments relative to that value. Patients who have never taken an injection will subjectively view the idea of taking an injection relative to the "not taking any injection" baseline. This comparison is scary and represents a considerable hurdle to taking a new injectable medication that may be otherwise optimal for their treatment. Resetting the anchor may be all that is needed to help patients overcome fear of injection. The objective is to assess whether patients offered a once monthly injectable biologic would be more likely to accept that biologic medication if they are first counseled about a daily injection.
  • Behavioral: Control Group Oral Survey 1
    Oral survey 1 will be administered as control intervention: patients will be asked how willing they would be to take an injectable medication to control their psoriasis which required once-monthly injections
    • Behavioral: Intervention Group Oral Survey 2
      Oral Survey 2 will be administered as the intervention: patients will be asked how willing they would be to take an injectable medication to control their psoriasis which required once-daily injections, then surveyor would ask how willing they would be to take an injectable medication which required only once-monthly injections
      Ages eligible for Study
      18 Years to 80 Years
      Genders eligible for Study
      All
      Accepts Healthy Volunteers
      No
      Inclusion Criteria:
      • moderate-to-severe psoriasis
      • not currently managed with biologic or other injectable medication
      Exclusion Criteria:
      • Individuals younger than 18 (line of questioning necessary for the study may be beyond understanding in this age group)
      • Currently managed with biologic medication or other injectable medication
      Biologics are used to treat a variety of medical conditions across multiple medical specialties. In the Dermatology specialty, biologics are used to treat conditions such as moderate-to-severe psoriasis, a chronic condition that impairs quality of life as much or more than other major medical conditions. Biopharmaceuticals are medications which are are isolated from biological sources including microorganisms, animals or humans. Examples of biologic medications commonly used in dermatology include tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) blockers/inhibitors (etanercept, infliximab, certolizumab pegol, golimumab), interleukin 12/23 blockers (ustekinumab), and interleukin 17A blockers (secukinumab, ixekizumab).

      These medications generally function to decrease inflammation or disrupt the inflammatory cycle. Biologic medications are administered via injection by the patient or a healthcare provider. Most of the medications require periodic injections approximately once per month. Patients may undergo periodic lab monitoring to assess for side effects. Biologic medications have revolutionized dermatology and the general medical field. Patients are often apprehensive about choosing a biologic medication over other option due to anxiety regarding the need for regular injections, leaving the patient undertreated and continuing to suffer with psoriasis. Reducing fears of injections may improve adherence to treatment and may improve treatment outcomes. Fear of injection is inherently subjective and may be easily modified.

      Anchoring is the tendency for humans to rely on a specific value when making decisions and to make judgments relative to that value. Patients who have never taken an injection will subjectively view the idea of taking an injection relative to the "not taking any injection" baseline. This comparison is scary and represents a considerable hurdle to taking a new injectable medication that may be otherwise optimal for their treatment.

      Resetting the anchor may be all that is needed to help patients overcome fear of injection. The investigators hypothesize that if a patient were first counseled about the possibility of taking an injectable biologic medication daily, they would be much less hesitant to take a monthly injection.

      1 locations

      United States (1)
      • Dept of Dermatology, WFUHS
        Not specified
        Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
      Status:
      completed
      Type:
      Interventional
      Phase:
      -
      Start:
      30 September, 2016
      Updated:
      31 October, 2017
      Participants:
      100
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