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More info
You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Type 2 Diabetes
and you are
between 18 and 70
years old
This is an early phase trial to determine
the dosage and safety of the new treatment.
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The purpose

Background and Significance: The peptide hormone ghrelin drives hunger and feeding behavior, making it a focus of obesity research. Released mainly by the stomach and proximal small intestine, ghrelin peaks prior to meals, potentially priming the gut for anticipated nutrients. After eating, ghrelin abruptly declines, with levels varying 2- to 3-fold between the fasted and fed states. Interestingly, in obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D), this pattern is disrupted. Individuals with these disorders have chronically suppressed ghrelin levels and little variation before and after meals. Although ghrelin's preprandial rise and postprandial fall is a well-established phenomenon, its role in regulating glucose metabolism is unclear. In mice, increasing preprandial ghrelin levels improves glucose tolerance through enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion. Ghrelin also stimulates GLP-1 secretion from mouse and human intestinal L-cells in vitro. These findings suggest enhanced postprandial GLP-1 as a novel role for the preprandial ghrelin surge. A ghrelin-incretin enteroendocrine axis could also explain the poor postprandial GLP-1 secretion and glucose tolerance in subjects with T2D, given their preprandial hypoghrelinemia. The investigators' preliminary data demonstrate that in humans, increasing circulating ghrelin to a supraphysiologic range worsened glucose tolerance, despite increased GLP-1 secretion. The discrepancy between these findings and the ones from rodents could be due to difference in study design and/or species. For example, the investigators' study used a continuous ghrelin infusion, which resulted in elevated levels of ghrelin pre- and postprandially. Elevated postprandial ghrelin likely mitigated the positive effects of increased GLP-1 secretion by raising levels of glucagon and other counter-regulatory hormones. This study seeks to delineate the interactions between ghrelin and GLP-1 in the regulation of glucose tolerance, beta-cell function, and insulin sensitivity. The investigators hypothesize that increased preprandial ghrelin will enhance GLP-1 secretion and consequently improve glucose tolerance in healthy subjects and those with T2D. Confirmation of these hypotheses would advance the investigators understanding of the control of glucose homeostasis and have important clinical and therapeutic implications. Modulating ghrelin levels may provide a novel therapeutic strategy to improve glucose tolerance in individuals with T2D, which affects an estimated 350 million people worldwide.

Provided treatments

  • Drug: Ghrelin
  • Other: Saline

Locations near you

Unfortunately, there are no recruiting locations near you. Please check the list with all locations below.
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT02913703. The sponsor of the trial is Jenny Tong, MD, MPH and it is looking for 80 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title:
Effect of Preprandial Ghrelin on Postprandial Glucose Tolerance