X-Linked Chronic Granulomatous Disease
X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD) is a rare genetic disorder, which affects boys. It is a primary immunodeficiency disorder which results from an inability of the white blood cells called phagocytic cells (or phagocytes) to kill invading bacteria and fungi. These cells have difficulty forming the free radicals (most importantly the superoxide radical due to defective phagocyte NADPH oxidase complex) which are important in the killing of ingested pathogens. In X-CGD (which accounts for two thirds of CGD patients), the defect lies in a gene which makes up a critical part of the NADPH-oxidase complex (the catalytic subunit; gp91-phox protein). Therefore they kill bacteria and fungi poorly, and the patients suffer from severe and recurrent infections. This also results in inflammation which can damage parts of the body such as the lung and gut. In many cases, patients can be adequately protected from infection by constant intake of antibiotics. However, in others, severe life-threatening infections break through. In some cases, inflammation in the bowel or urinary systems results in blockages which cannot be treated with antibiotics, and which may require the use of other drugs such as steroids. Development of curative treatments for CGD is therefore of great importance.
- Genetic: X vivo gene therapyTransplantation of patient's autologous CD34+ cells transduced with lentiviral vector containing XCGD gene. The investigational product is patient-specific and corresponds to autologous CD34+ cells transduced ex vivo with the G1XCGD vector. These transduced cells will be cryopreserved until safety testing and infusion into the patient.
|Ages eligible for Study||24 Months and older|
|Genders eligible for Study||Male|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
- Male X-CGD patients >23 months of age. Youngest patients (>1 month and ≤ 23 months) may be enrolled at physician's appreciation; in this case mobilization of peripheral HSC may be replaced by two bone marrow harvests.
- Molecular diagnosis confirmed by DNA sequencing and supported by laboratory evidence for absent or reduction > 70% of the biochemical activity of the NAHPD-oxidase.
- At least one ongoing or resistant or at high risk of relapse severe infection and/or inflammatory complications requiring hospitalisation despite conventional therapy.
- No HLA-matched donor available after 3 months search, unless the risk of waiting for a potential match or for performing an allogeneic transplant is considered unacceptable.
- No co-infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or hepatitis B virus (HBs Ag positive) or hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV Ab positive).
- Written informed consent for adult patient.
- Parental/guardian and where appropriate child's signed consent/assent.
- 10/10 HLA identical (A, B, C, DR, DQ) family or unrelated.
- Contraindication for leukapheresis (anaemia Hb <8g/dl, cardiovascular instability, severe coagulopathy).
- Contraindication for administration of conditioning medication and any component of the Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) preparation.
- Administration of gamma interferon within 30 days before the infusion of transduced autologous CD34+ cells.
- Participation in another experimental therapeutic protocol within 6 months prior to baseline and during the study period.
- Any other condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, may compromise the safety or compliance of the patient or would preclude the patient from successful completion of the study.
- Patient/Parent/Guardian unable or unwilling to comply with the protocol requirements.
- Hôpital Necker Enfants MaladesrecruitingParis, France, 75015
29 February, 2016
26 April, 2016