There are controversies optimal timing for cholecystectomy in patients with mild biliary
pancreatitis. The safety of cholecystectomy performed during an episode of pancreatitis has
been questioned. The aim of the present randomized controlled trial is to compare the outcome
in terms of recurrent pancreatitis and gallstone-related events between index
cholecystectomy, performed during the first admission for acute pancreatitis, and scheduled
cholecystectomy, performed 4-6 weeks after discharge.