The purpose of this research study is to find out whether preterm infants are receiving
enough of the essential and long chain fatty acids important for brain development and immune
function. Our current intravenous (IV) fats do not contain the long chain fatty acids and
different milk sources have different compositions. We would like to evaluate lactating
mothers dietary intake and breastmilk level of fatty acid status by doing an analysis of
their blood and breastmilk samples after they have been supplemented with a currently used
fatty acid supplement (DHA- Martek Biosciences, now known as Dutch State Mines (DSM)
Nutritional Lipid) The DHA supplement is available over the counter.
The information learned from this research study may benefit other mothers and babies in the
future. The information could help make sure premature babies are receiving the right
nutrients they need for appropriate growth and development.