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More info
You can access this
clinical trial
if you have
Atrial Fibrillation
and you are
between 18 and 85
years old
The phase for this study is not defined.
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The purpose

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia present in 1% of population under 60 years of age and reaching up to 15% at 80 years. AF is associated with reduced quality of life, increased morbidity, mortality and health economic costs. Presentation of AF differs substantially among patients ranging from self-limiting short episodes (paroxysmal AF), longstanding episodes (persistent AF) where direct current (DC) cardioversion is needed, to chronic atrial fibrillation. Treatment of AF is individually tailored in accordance to symptoms, type of AF and thromboembolic risk. The standard treatment of symptomatic persistent AF is DC-cardioversion preceded by anticoagulant treatment with Warfarin. According to guidelines DC-cardioversion can be performed when anticoagulation treatment has been in therapeutic range for at least 4 weeks. However introduction of Pradaxa (Dabigatran) has enabled an earlier DC cardioversion, reducing time to cardioversion to a 3 week period. During anticoagulation treatment persistence of AF contributes to left atrial remodeling and increases in inflammatory and neurohumoral biomarkers. The prolonged duration of AF and the remodeling of the left atrium increase the risk of AF recurrence after DC-cardioversion. Early cardioversion of patients with persistent AF is possible if preceded by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). The TEE guided DC- cardioversion, as demonstrated in the ACUTE study, is a safe and efficient alternative to conventional treatment. This treatment regime is not routinely used in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to compare early DC-cardioversion (within 72 hours) to conventional treatment (Pradaxa prior to DC-cardioversion). 140 patients with persistent AF will be randomized to early cardioversion preceded by TEE in accordance with guidelines or conventional treatment with Pradaxa for 4 weeks prior to DC-cardioversion. The investigators will determine the outcome in the two groups regarding: - Left atrial function and size assessed by left atrial strain, left atrial ejection fraction and left atrial volume. - Inflammatory and neurohumoral biomarkers including ANP, BNP,IL6 and CRP. - Time to recurrence of AF (AF documented by ECG or Holter monitoring) Comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography, 12 lead ECG, biomarkers and Holter monitoring will be performed at the time of randomization, 4 weeks, 3 month and 6 month post DC-cardioversion. Furthermore all patients will be followed for symptomatic AF recurrence for a period of one year. AF recurrence will be documented by 12 lead ECG.

Provided treatments

  • Drug: Pradaxa
  • Procedure: TEE
  • Other: Compare TEE guided cardioversion to Dabigatran + DC cardioversion

Locations near you

Unfortunately, there are no recruiting locations near you. Please check the list with all locations below.
Tris trial is registered with FDA with number: NCT01593150. The sponsor of the trial is Odense University Hospital and it is looking for 141 volunteers for the current phase.
Official trial title:
Early Versus Late DC-cardioversion of Persistent Atrial Fibrillation. Effect on Atrial Remodeling,Inflammatory and Neurohumoral Markers and Recurrence of Atrial Fibrillation.