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Treatment of Acute Myelogenous Leukemia With Busulfan and Etoposide Followed by Autologous or Syngeneic Stem Cell Rescue and Low-Dose Interleukin 2 (IL-2) Immunotherapy (NCT00003875)

National Cancer Institute (NCI)
This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well giving busulfan and etoposide followed by peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT) and low-dose aldesleukin works in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as busulfan and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. A PBSCT may be able to replace blood-forming cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy. This may allow more chemotherapy to be given so that more cancer cells are killed. Aldesleukin may stimulate the white blood cells to kill cancer cells. Giving busulfan and etoposide together followed by PBSCT and aldesleukin may be an effective treatment for AML.
  • Drug: busulfan
    Given PO or IV
    • BSF
    • BU
    • Misulfan
    • Mitosan
    • Myeloleukon
  • Drug: etoposide
    Given IV
    • EPEG
    • VP-16
    • VP-16-213
  • Biological: aldesleukin
    Given SC
    • IL-2
    • Proleukin
    • recombinant human interleukin-2
    • recombinant interleukin-2
  • Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
    Undergo autologous or syngeneic stem cell rescue
    • PBPC transplantation
    • PBSC transplantation
    • peripheral blood progenitor cell transplantation
    • transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell
Ages eligible for Study
up to 65 Years
Genders eligible for Study
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Inclusion Criteria:
  • The patient must have AML that falls into one of the following categories:
  • AML in 1st complete remission (CR) with intermediate or high risk of relapse following conventional therapy; at least, one of the following features is needed:
  • Patient required more than one cycle of induction to achieve first CR
  • White blood cell count (WBC) > 100,000/mm^3 at diagnosis
  • Any of the following cytogenetic abnormalities: inv (3), t(3:3), del (5q) or -5, 11q23, del(7q) or -7, del (20q) or -20, abnormal 12p, +11 or t8
  • Any other abnormalities or combination of abnormalities which would predict intermediate or high risk of relapse
  • AML beyond first CR
  • Any patient with an identical twin donor who also meets the criteria above
  • Patients with AML in 1st CR should receive at least two cycles of consolidation chemotherapy prior to mobilization and transplant
  • Patients must have an adequate number of stem cells previously collected (i.e., > 2 x 10^8 total nucleated cell [TNC] of bone marrow [BM]/kg or 4 x 10^6 [CD]34+ PBSC/kg, unless approved otherwise by Dr. Holmberg); prior to stem cell collection patients must be documented to be in remission and to have received two cycles of consolidation therapy after induction therapy
  • Pre-Study tests have been performed
  • Patient must sign an institutional review board (IRB) approved informed consent, conforming with federal and institutional guidelines
Exclusion Criteria:
  • Patients with good risk AML defined by cytogenetic evaluation with these abnormalities: inversion 16 or t8;21
  • Patient's life expectancy is severely limited by diseases other than AML
  • Patient is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive
  • Patient is pregnant
  • Patient's creatinine > 2.0 mg/dl
  • Patient's total bilirubin > 2.0 mg/dl (unless Gilbert's disease)
  • Or serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)/serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) >= 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) not due to leukemia
  • Patient has a history of congestive heart failure, uncontrolled arrhythmias or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%
  • Patient has an unrelated human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matched donor and is eligible for a higher priority Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) protocol (for FHCRC patients only)
  • Patient has an HLA matched or one antigen mismatch family donor available
  • Patients with a significant active infection that precludes transplant
  • Patients with a Karnofsky Performance Score less than 70

I. To evaluate the toxicity and overall survival of high dose Bu (busulfan)/VP-16 (etoposide) followed by post-transplant low-dose interleukin (IL)-2 (aldesleukin) in patients with AML.


I. To estimate the rate of relapse associated with this regimen.


PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive busulfan intravenously (IV) over 2 hours or orally (PO) every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 and etoposide IV on day -3.

STEM CELL INFUSION: Patients undergo autologous or syngeneic PBSC rescue on day 0.

POST-TRANSPLANT ALDESLEUKIN THERAPY: Beginning 30-100 days after transplant, patients receive low-dose aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) daily for 12 weeks.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

1 locations

United States (1)
  • Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
    Not specified
    Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Participant Flow: Overall Study
Treatment (Chemo, Stem Cell Rescue, Interleukin Therapy)
Serious Adverse Events
Other Adverse Events
12 October, 1998
02 May, 2017
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