Phantom Limb Pain
University of Colorado, Denver
Hanger Clinic: Prosthetics & Orthotics
The goal of this pilot study is to assess the effectiveness of an electrical stimulation therapy option for the treatment of chronic phantom limb pain in upper or lower limb amputees. This therapy has been previously used for sports and joint injuries and is marketed for relaxation of muscle spasms, re-education of muscle action, prevention of disuse atrophy, increased local blood circulation, and maintaining or increasing range of motion. The investigators would like to explore the idea that physically exercising the muscles of the residual limb and increasing blood flow to the site of amputation through the promotion of motor contraction using electrical stimulation decreases chronic phantom limb pain.
- Device: High intensity electrical stimulationThe electrodes will pass an electrical current through the skin and into the muscle first at a low intensity for 5 minutes to allow the subject to adjust to the sensation. The current will then be gradually increased to a level sufficient to elicit a non-painful motor contraction. The subject will sit in a relaxed position as the electrical stimulator contracts the muscles for a duration of 15 minutes.
- Device: Omnistim FX2 Pro
|Ages eligible for Study||18 Years to 85 Years|
|Genders eligible for Study||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Accepts Healthy Volunteers|
- Self-identified adult volunteers with a limb deficiency with a well-healed site of amputation
- Subjects experiencing at least a 4 out of 10 of chronic phantom limb pain based on a numeric 10-point pain scale.
- Any ethnicity and gender
- Age (18-85 years)
- Able to understand and follow directions in English, assessed by their ability to respond during the recruitment and consent processes.
- Subjects that are not able to understand the procedures and who are unable to come to the facility.
- Any individual whose amputation site is not completely healed
- Anyone with cardiac demand pacemakers and/or implanted defibrillator.
There are a large number of people living with an amputation due mainly to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and trauma; and of these there is evidence to show that up to 80% of amputees experience phantom limb pain (PLP). PLP is classified as cramping, burning, shooting, or stabbing pain in the missing limb following an amputation. Current treatments include pharmacological drugs, anesthesia, additional surgery, mirror therapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and others. TENS, as usually implemented, has been used to effectively reduce pain in multiple spots of the body, but has shown little effect in reducing phantom limb pain especially long term even with varying the frequency and intensity of the electrical stimulation. These current treatments can be invasive, costly, and have shown only to offer immediate relief. Using an electrical stimulator at a higher intensity has proven to to reduce pain and increase healing in numerous sports and joint related injuries. Anecdotally, the investigators have learned that a similar treatment protocol when applied to persons with phantom limb pain can mitigate their pain. The goal of this pilot study is to assess the effectiveness of higher intensity electrical stimulation in the management of PLP and also to acquire data to inform the investigators to the most appropriate study design and power for a future more formal clinical trial. To accomplish this the investigators will utilize the ACP Omnistim FX2 Pro electrical stimulator, that has been provided to us by ACP- Accelerated Care Plus Corporation, to physically exercise the muscles of the residual limb and hence increase the local blood flow and explore it's potential for treatment of PLP both short and long term. The self-identified subject will be hooked up to the ACP electrical stimulator using surface electrodes that will pass a current through the skin first at a low intensity for 5 minutes to allow the subject to adjust to the tingling sensation. The current will then be gradually increased to a level sufficient to elicit a non-painful motor contraction for 15 minutes. Using a numerical pain scale and short answer questions about the characteristics of the pain the investigators will track both short term and long term changes in pain.
United States (1)
- Children's Hospital Colorado Research InstituterecruitingAurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
31 December, 2016
19 April, 2017