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A Phase I Trial of WEE1 Inhibition With Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy as Adjuvant Treatment, and a Window of Opportunity Trial With Cisplatin in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer (NCT03028766)

AstraZeneca
Cancer Research UK
This trial is to determine what dose of a drug called AZD1775 can safely be given in combination with cisplatin before surgery and with chemo-radiotherapy after surgery in patients with Head and Neck Cancer. The Investigators will also get some preliminary information regarding the effectiveness of this combined treatment.
  • Drug: AZD1775
    AZD1775 is a potent, selective small molecule inhibitor of WEE1
    • Drug: Cisplatin
      Chemotherapy drug
      • Radiation: Radiotherapy
        Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy
        • IMRT
      Ages eligible for Study
      18 Years to 70 Years
      Genders eligible for Study
      All
      Accepts Healthy Volunteers
      No
      Inclusion Criteria:
      • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of oral, laryngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma
      • Multi-Disciplinary Team (MDT) recommendation for surgical resection with curative intent
      • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0/1
      • Age ≥18 to ≤70 years
      • Creatinine clearance, measured by Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR), ≥ 60 ml/min at baseline calculated using local practice calculation. If this is ≤ 60 ml/min then an isotopic GFR may be carried out and must be > 60 ml/min
      • Acceptable cardiac function. If significant cardiac history, then required for patient to have Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF) ≥55% by echocardiogram (ECHO) or Multiple Gated Acquisition Scan (MUGA, if ECHO is equivocal)
      • Normal liver and bone marrow function:
      • Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥10.0 g/dL or ≥100 g/L
      • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1.5 x 109/L
      • Absolute platelet count ≥100 x 109/L
      • Aspartate transaminase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5 upper limit of normal (ULN)
      • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 ULN (except for patients with known Gilbert's syndrome)
      • Male and female participants must agree to take appropriate measures to prevent pregnancy. Contraceptive measures should be used for 2 weeks prior to trial entry, during the trial and for at least 6 months after last receiving treatment. Acceptable methods of contraception include total abstinence (if this is the patient's usual and preferred lifestyle choice), tubal ligation, combined oral, transdermal or intra-vaginal hormonal contraceptives, medroxyprogesterone injections (e.g. Depo-Provera), copper-banded intra-uterine devices; hormone impregnated intra-uterine systems and vasectomised partners. All methods of contraception (with the exception of total abstinence) should be used in combination with the use of a condom by their male sexual partner for intercourse. Inclusion criteria Group A - in addition to general criteria
      • Accessible tumours for re-biopsy under local anaesthetic, e.g. oral cancer Inclusion criteria Group B - in addition to general criteria
      • High-risk histopathological features after surgical resection, i.e. nodal extra-capsular spread and/or tissue resection margin <1 mm as agreed at MDT
      Exclusion Criteria:
      • Any previous treatment for the same cancer, or previous head and neck malignancy, apart from laser excision of carcinoma in situ, with minimal residual functional deficit
      • Patients with cancer of the oropharynx will not be included
      • Any metastatic disease from any primary site
      • Use of an Investigational Medicinal Product (IMP) concurrently or within 4 weeks of starting this trial
      • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness, which will interfere with the patient's participation in the trial, e.g.:
      • myocardial infarction within 6 months
      • congestive cardiac failure
      • unstable angina
      • symptomatic cardiomyopathy
      • chronic infections
      • active peptic ulcer or liver disease
      • serious psychiatric condition limiting ability to comply with trial protocol
      • Clinical evidence of current heart failure (≥New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II)
      • Clinical evidence of atrial fibrillation (with heart rate >100 bpm, within 6 months prior to starting treatment)
      • Unstable ischaemic heart disease (Myocardial Infarction within 6 months prior to trial entry or angina requiring the use of nitrates greater than once weekly)
      • Active gastro-intestinal disease that might limit absorption of study drug, e.g. coeliac disease, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, pancreatic insufficiency
      • Evidence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering protocol compliance
      • Participation in another interventional clinical trial whilst taking part in this trial
      • Patients who are unable to discontinue any prohibited drug and unable to tolerate a washout period for at least 14 days prior to trial entry
      • Clinical judgement by the Investigator that the patient should not participate in the study
      • Known hypersensitivity to the study drugs or active substances or excipients of the preparations
      • Pregnant or lactating patients
      • Significant pre-existing neuropathy which currently interferes with the patient's daily life
      • Mean resting corrected QTc interval using the Fridericia formula (QTcF) >450 msec (male) and >470 msec (female) (as calculated per institutional standards) obtained from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs) 2-5 minutes apart at study entry, or congenital long QT syndrome
      • Inability to swallow oral medications
      Patients with head and neck cancer with high-risk features are at increased risk of relapse after surgery. Surgery, often followed by cisplatin chemotherapy and radiotherapy is currently the standard treatment offered. Whilst chemo-radiotherapy improves cure rates, outcomes remain poor, and treatment has a significant impact on quality of life. Chemotherapy has yet to find a definitive role prior to surgery. There is therefore an urgent need to develop more effective treatments which improve cure rates for this patient population.

      The purpose of this trial is to see whether incorporating a drug called AZD1775 into the management of head and neck cancer offers the possibility of addressing these clinical issues. AZD1775 is a drug that has been shown to increase the effect of cisplatin and of radiotherapy when tested in the laboratory. The blood samples and tumour biopsies taken during the trial will be important in learning as much as possible about the effects of AZD1775 on the body and to investigate how the tumour might develop resistance to the drug.

      The WISTERIA trial is for patients aged between 18 and 70 years with cancer of the oral cavity, larynx and hypopharynx who are to undergo surgery. Patients recruited to Group A must have accessible tumours for re-biopsy, whilst patients recruited to Group B will be at high risk of relapse after surgery.

      The primary objective of this trial is to see what dose of AZD1775 can safely be given in combination with cisplatin before surgery (Group A) and with chemo-radiotherapy after surgery (Group B). The Investigators will also get some preliminary information regarding the effectiveness of this combined treatment. To find the safe and effective dose of AZD1775, different doses will be tested for each Group.
      Status:
      not yet recruiting
      Type:
      Interventional
      Phase:
      Start:
      31 January, 2017
      Updated:
      17 January, 2017
      Participants:
      42
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